See How Computers Can Influence the Real World
There is no doubt that the world would be quite different today if we didn’t have computers. When you look around you, you probably see computers or computer-related products everywhere, from your smart phone to all of the computer-controlled elements in your car. How did we get to this point, and what are some of the current influences of computers?
Computers and the Military:
One of the earliest computers was the Harvard Mark I, which was jointly developed by IBM and Harvard in 1944. This computer weighed 5 tons. It was purely mechanical, and used paper tape for instructions. A successor was ENIAC, which was electronic and had far more computing power. It weighed in at 27 tons, and was used mostly by the military, including working on the design of the hydrogen bomb.
Military technology has never looked back, relying increasingly on sophisticated computers. Today we have satellite imaging, smart bombs, nuclear submarines, automated drones, and GPS (global positioning system). None of these would be possible without computers.
Computers and Business:
The UNIVAC I was the first commercial computer, built for the Remington Rand company. This scored points with the public by correctly predicting the Eisenhower victory in the 1952 US presidential election. The IBM 360 was a more sophisticated computer, released in 1965. It was still very large, but available in a range of configurations, so that businesses could buy a smaller model and then migrate up. This was a very popular system, and variants of the system were sold until 1978.
Today, almost every business office in the world uses computers. Your local coffee shop has a computerized cash register, and systems to handle inventory, finances, purchasing and payroll. The supermarket has more sophisticated systems, with bar codes, scanners, and loyalty cards – all handled by computers. Large companies like auto manufacturers use computers in every aspect of their business. Not only are computer components built into every car, but the manufacturing process is controlled by computers, too.
Computers at Home:
Personal computers became available in the 1970s and people started to have their own computer at home, rather than using them only at work. The Apple II was a major entry in this market, and it led to the company’s current successes. Early home computers were used for entertainment, as people discovered they could play games on them. People also started using computers for purposes like tracking their finances.
Today, the computing capacity of a modern smartphone far exceeds early room-sized computers. People use computers for communicating with family and friends, and they use them for taking, processing and uploading photographs. They use computers to check the weather forecast and enter stock trades. Computers also have changed our entertainment, and it’s safe to say that they changed the world completely. Now people get digital movies full of computer animation, streamed on demand to their home.
The Internet and Globalization:
The internet has made the world’s knowledge available to anyone with a computer or a smart phone. You can search almost any possible topic and find the answer in a few seconds. People stay in touch over social networking sites that let them connect easily with acquaintances in Paris, New York, or Tokyo. The internet has also enabled a global marketplace which could never have been possible otherwise. Now any private person can post something for sale on a site like eBay, and have people from around the world bid on it.
As far as computer games are concerned, we must admit that video games have both positive and negative effects on today’s society. Some people see them as a danger to society because of their violent acts; others believe they can genuine be used to develop people’s cognitive skills and thus make them smarter. To some extent, computers and video games are therapeutic. It’s up to you to decide how much time you’re willing to devote in front of the screen.
Jason Phillips is the writer to this amazing article. He is an ace in writing tech related articles and has written hundreds of high quality articles for different sites. Also he is working for an online gaming site Make Up Games 365.